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Whale Optimization Algorithm and Moth-Flame Optimization for multilevel thresholding image segmentation

Weak and strong stationarity in generalized bilevel programming and bilevel optimal control

Weak and strong convergence of prox-penalization and splitting algorithms for bilevel equilibrium problems

Well-Posedness Under Relaxed Semicontinuity for Bilevel Equilibrium and Optimization Problems with Equilibrium Constraints

Wirelength Optimization for Multilevel Hierachical FPGA

Weighting method for bi-level linear fractional programming problems