Bi-level optimization



Focus programming: a bi‐level programming approach to static stochastic optimization problems

Flexibility pricing in the active distribution network including renewable and flexibility sources as a bi-level optimization model

Fuzzy programming for multi-choice bilevel transportation problem

Fuzzy Formalization of Individual Quality Criteria for Quality Level Evaluation by Using Two-Level Optimization Model

Fast UAV Trajectory Optimization Using Bilevel Optimization With Analytical Gradients

FB-GSA: A fuzzy bi-level programming based gravitational search algorithm for unconstrained optimization

Feature construction as a bi-level optimization problem

Fuzzy Relation Bilevel Optimization Model in the Wireless Communication Station System


Fast UAV Trajectory Optimization Using Bilevel Optimization With Analytical Gradients

Feature selection for classification models via bilevel optimization

Fuzzy rough bi-level multi-objective nonlinear programming problems

Fixed-time consensus for leader-follower nonlinear multi-agent systems with disturbance

Fully Integrated Asymmetric Doherty Amplifier Based on Two-Power-Level Impedance Optimization

Further on Inner Regularizations in Bilevel Optimization

Finding Robust Global Optimal Values of Bilevel Polynomial Programs with Uncertain Linear Constraints

From Mixed-Integer Linear to Mixed-Integer Bilevel Linear Programming

Finding Reliable Solutions in Bilevel Optimization Problems Under Uncertainties

Follower distribution algorithms for leader-follower networks

Fuzzy Bilevel Programming with Credibility Measure

Foundations of Random-Like Bi-Level Decision Making

Fuzzy Bi-level Decision Making

Fuzzy-based interactive method for solution of bi- and multi-level programming problems

Finding optimal strategies in a multi-period multi-leader–follower Stackelberg game using an evolutionary algorithm

Fuzzy Bi-Level Multi-Objective Fractional Integer Programming

Fuzzy random non-cooperative two-level linear programming through fractile models with possibility and necessity

Feasible direction method for bilevel programming problem

Fuzzy linear fractional bi-level multi-objective programming problems

Formal Specification as High-Level Programming: The ASSL Approach

Fuzzy Optimality Conditions for Fractional Multiobjective Bilevel Problems Under Fractional Constraints

Fuzzy Sub Bi HX Group and its Bi Level Sub Bi HX Groups

Fuzzy Goal Programming Approach to Quadratic BiLevel MultiObjective Programming Problem

Fuzzy and Exact Optimality Conditions for a Bilevel Set-Valued Problem via Extremal Principles

Fuzzy programming approach for solving bi-level multi-objective linear programming problems


Fuzzy bilevel programming with multiple objectives and cooperative multiple followers

Fuzzy Bi-Level Multi-Objective Programming for Supply Chain

Fast Computational Method for a Class of Nonlinear Bilevel Programming Problems Using the Hybrid Genetic Algorithm

Flexible Approximation Model Approach for Bi-Level Integrated System Synthesis

  • Authors: Hongman Kim, Scott Ragon, Grant Soremekun, Brett Malone, Jaroslaw Sobieszczanski-Sobieski

  • Published in: 10th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, 2004.

  • DOI:

  • Get bib file

Fast Resource Allocation by Bilevel Programming Problem 1

Final Remarks

First-Order Necessary Optimality Conditions for General Bilevel Programming Problems

Fenchel’s Unsolved Problem of Level Sets

Finding an efficient solution to linear bilevel programming problem: An effective approach

First-Order Necessary Optimality Conditions for General Bilevel Programming Problems

Finite element multilevel approximation of a function and applications